Article – Successful Aging

Article name: ‘Successful Aging’ – currently known influential factors and suggested model for assessment and scaling

Vogel Ofir1,2, Tzur Shirley3, Efrati Shai4-7

1 Shiram Integrated Medicine Unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel

2 Campus Broshim – Integrative Medicine, Tel-Aviv University Health and Sports Center

3 Medical Library, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel

4 Research & Development unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel, affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

5 Sagol center for hyperbaric medicine and research, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel, affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

6 Nephrology division, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel, affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

7Sagol School of Neuroscience, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

The concept of ‘successful aging’ signifies an optimal way for getting older gains more public attention and scientific publication in the last two decades. It is well recognized that successful aging has important impacts on the economic, social, familial and health areas. However, till now, there is no consensus with regard to the definition, scaling and grading of ‘successful aging’. In addition, many of the factors that may contribute for reaching that goal haven’t been established yet.

This review relies on critical analysis of publications in medical literature about ‘successful aging’ or ‘healthy longevity’ till January 2015, along with qualitative research from personal meetings with dozens of healthy centenarians in Israel and Sardinia (2 places with very high longevity rates).

The aim of this review was to propose a model needed for evaluation and grading of successful aging. In addition the article discuss the different factors that correlate with successful aging.

The evaluation model presented in this article is divided into five fields: physical, independence functionality, sense, cognition independence and mentality.

The article also reviews the potential factors that may affect successful aging. The potential factors that were found to correlate with ‘successful aging’ includes physical activity, sense of support and belonging, a high education level, being married and gender (male).

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